Pimple is a small disease but very annoying if appears in important part like face, lips, or even the sexual organs. It is a skin disorder due to obstruction of sebaceous glands. Skin consists of sebaceous glands with a large number of sebum (oil) which moisturizes and protects skin. Sebum is produced by sebaceous glands dispersed through the hair follicles (skin pores) towards the surface of the skin. Pimple arises whenever sebum is blocked, which commonly comes on the skin surface area.
Facial skin has a high concentration of sebaceous glands, specifically within your nose, forehead and also cheeks. Usually most large sebaceous glands are in the center of the chest and back area. For that reason, pimple generally appears within the face, chest and back. At the end, it is important to know the of pimple types that are growing, so that appropriate treatment can be given, so it will not reappear again.
The trigger of pimple is unidentified, however it has conjunction with hormonal activity within teenage years. Pimple commonly begins to appear at age 10 to 15 and will go away when it begins at the age of 25. In other hand pimple still continue appears at the age of 40, even 50. It is about 7% of men and women, . The primary factors that induce pimple are usually hormonal imbalances, food triggers, stress and also lack of cleanliness of the skin in general, to an abnormal sebum production, follicle blockage, contamination and colonization of microorganisms like Propionibacterium acne and inflammation.
What types of pimple we must know?
Pimple can be classified based on the lesion type, whether there is an inflammation or not.
Pimple types according to: Non-inflammatory lesions
1. Follicular cast or filament
In most cases it is found on the right side and left nose, filled up with clogged sebum like porridge. With emphasis, the clog can be taken off.
2. Micro comedo
Micro comedo occurs before comedo (a blocked sebum) and will change into a whitehead or a blackhead. This kind of pimple can not be seen through the surface of the skin but only using a microscope.
3. Whitehead (closed comedones)
Abnormalities as small nodules with or perhaps without small holes becaouse of the sebum which generally accompanied by the accumulated microorganisms within the skin follicles which cannot move out.
4. Blackheads (open comedones)
Open comedones is generally a continuing development of closed comedones, occurs when the follicle opened on the surface of the skin so the sebum which containing skin’s pigment melanin, is oxidized and converted into a brown / black. Blackhead lasts for long term, because of slowly driying.
Pimple types according to Inflammatory lesions
Papule occurs when the wall of the hair follicle is damaged or broken out so white blood cells out and cause inflammation in skin layer. Papule has soft lump shaped on the skin, has red color without head. This pimple type is often referred to the layman as “pimple rock.”
Pustule occurred a few days later when white blood cells out to the surface of skin. Pustule is red bumps with white or yellow dot in the center, containing white blood cells.
If follicle ruptures at the bottom then it will be a large lumps inflammation. It is very painful when touched. Nodule is usually due to an inflammatory stimulus by hair fragments in long period.
Sometimes some papule or pustule in same area with a red abscess formation, very painful and tend to out mixed with blood, pus and sebum. In the process of curing this disease, it is leaving the net wide scar.
This Pimple type is the most severe type of pimple (acne conglobata). Sine is often in the hollow beside the nose, nose, chin and neck. It is in the form of linear line with a length can reach 10 cm and contains some sinus tract or fistula connecting the sinus to the skin surface. Curing this pimple takes months, even years, and may relapse when experiencing an inflammatory process. Sine should be treated with surgery.
These all are pimple types you must know, and maybe there are any other pimple types.